When Hurricane Ida When it landed in August, it encountered heavy rain and strong winds at NASA’s Michoud assembly facility in New Orleans. Turn off Power in the area, Forcing the site to run on the generator. No one was injured, and the components of the space launch system rocket that were manufactured there and planned for future missions to the moon were not affected. But there will surely be more storms with intensified weather.
Although NASA scientists are naturally concerned about space, everything they do starts on Earth. As long as climate change continues, everyone must prepare for the worst.Follow the instructions of the central government Biden Administration, Last week NASA And other federal agencies issued a climate action plan. They are mainly focused on adapting to a future where certain climate changes cannot be avoided.
“Our goal is to delve into all the different threats that any single location may face,” said Gavin Schmidt, NASA’s senior climate advisor who contributed to the report. “We are one of the institutions that are not just victims of climate change, but we are at the forefront of understanding climate change and bringing science to the table to help us make better decisions.”
NASA and other parts of the federal government sought to develop climate plans during the Obama administration, and they are now resuming these efforts. NASA officials originally conducted adaptation assessments in 2011, these assessments were updated in 2015, and are now being updated. The agency’s newly released report highlights five key areas, including planning for climate risks as new missions progress, adjusting infrastructure as much as possible, and ensuring access to space, for example, if the road is flooded with rocket fuel to the launch pad.
Since approximately two-thirds of NASA’s assets are located within 16 feet of sea level-including the Kennedy Space Center in Florida and the Johnson Space Center in Houston-hurricanes, flood risks and rising sea levels have caused the agency to be very concerned. “If we look globally and domestically, we have invested very valuable assets in coastal areas, including runways and launch pads. I think it is very exciting for NASA to move forward with the accuracy of an engineering-oriented agency. ,” said Catherine Maher, a climate scientist at the University of Miami, who has nothing to do with NASA and serves as the lead author of the United Nations.Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Latest assessment report.
NASA’s action plan describes the cost of recent extreme weather events that may be exacerbated by climate change and accompanied by huge maintenance costs. After experiencing two hurricanes and one tornado, the Michoud assembly plant alone spent nearly $400 million. The recent hurricanes and floods have also damaged other infrastructure, with multiple sites on the Gulf of Mexico and the East Coast each suffering losses worth more than $100 million. In Southern California, the 2009 station fire burned to within 1 meter of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and the laboratory had to be closed. As an inland site, JPL may eventually face other climate issues, including drought and heat waves.
Although NASA will only use buildings or launch complexes as a very expensive last resort, the agency is working more on “structural reinforcement” to make buildings better able to withstand extreme weather or power outages so that they It can be temporarily disconnected from the grid. “This could mean raising altitude, increasing pumping capacity, and setting up barriers. It can be about creating islands. It can be about creating autonomous infrastructure systems, such as self-sufficient energy production, and redundancy,” Jesse Keenan, a social scientist at Tulane University, said that he has expertise in climate change adaptation and the built environment. (Kenan has nothing to do with NASA’s report.)