Art and culture-what is it for? | By Edward Wong | The Capital | October 2021


Experimentation, innovation and creativity are pushing the art world to new heights. Art, music, dance and other media are the cultural expressions that define human beings. Whether you are a fan or a skeptic, NFT promotes the development of art and culture.

The intricate artistic patterns of Selimiye Mosque, Turkey

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Human innovation and progress are advancing by leaps and bounds, and it is difficult to predict. Once several variables are involved, it is just an almost chaotic and unpredictable experiment. The perfect recipe for the original soup with unlimited creativity. The main components such as blockchain and NFT are mixed into it, which helps to redefine the art space in exciting new ways.

The magnificent jewels will disappear from the chaos. One of the gems will be the advancement of art, in an exciting, expansive and constantly evolving space. This is thanks to NFT.

NFT is an irreplaceable token, which means that each NFT is unique and cannot be simply replaced by another NFT.Not like replaceable The five-dollar bill in a traditional wallet can be exchanged for another five-dollar bill or five one-dollar bills. There is no difference. Similarly, Bitcoin and all cryptocurrencies are also fungible.Therefore, although both NFTs and cryptocurrencies are stored on the blockchain, have value and are managed through crypto wallets, the difference between NFTs is that each Unique.

NFT also represents the ownership of certain things. These assets can be specific assets such as real estate, cars, event tickets, music, intellectual property (IP), collectibles, emission rights, and almost anything.

This article does not intend to discuss whether NFT will become the next tulip. no one knows. On the contrary, this article is about art and culture, especially how NFT became a catalyst for this kind of artistic transformation and development.

Earlier this year, digital artist Beeple’s “Everyday-First 5000 Days” was sold at Christie’s auction for $69 million. Soon thereafter, the pixelated art NFT, CryptoPunk “Alien” #7523, was sold by competitor Sotheby’s auction house for $11.8 million.

On the left is Beeple’s “Everydays”, and on the right is CryptoPunk’s “Alien”#7523

every day It is a collage of 5000 digital images, composed of computer-created and hand-drawn images. At the same time, CryptoPunks are low-pixel computer-generated images, At least The expensive asking price is about one million U.S. dollars.

The value of such works is the price someone is willing to pay for it, regardless of others. But this is not an investment column. Let us appreciate art for the sake of art itself.

every day The artist adds or creates a picture for the collage every day, which is a huge labor of love, so the production time is more than 10 years. Cryptopunk It is part of a limited collection of pixelated art, and CP is high fashion. Other popular series include CryptoKitties, Bored Ape Yacht Club and Meebits, to name a few.

Anyone can download and enjoy these digital art images completely free of charge. No NFT is required. But what NFT owners get is the right to brag about these pop culture icons. Baseball is replaceable. Except for Mark McGwire’s 70th home run, the ball was finally sold for $3 million, but its value may have fallen due to his admission of doping.

As we experience an increasingly digitally transformed world, the ownership of these NFTs becomes our personal incarnation and bragging rights. NFT is transferable, liquid, and may or may not appreciate.

Interestingly, owning the “Everydays” NFT does not include copyright, and the copyright still belongs to the original artist Beeple. Therefore, NFT can embed transfer royalties in the NFT smart contract, which will pay a certain percentage of any transfer to the original owner who retains such copyright.

CryptoKitties does what kittens do: sleep, eat and Variety. But they will not knock things off the table, but they are still developing. Maybe in the next generation. FYI-previous generations tended to demand higher prices when nurturing NFTs.

If you have two or more CryptoKitties, you can breed them together. Alternatively, you can use publicly available stallions (m) or mares (f) to breed your own stallions. After paying the fee, a new CryptoKittie will be minted, which inherits the random characteristics of the parents, so you cannot be sure what the offspring will get. They can be sold in the market, and if your kitten has rare characteristics, their value will rise.

You can also breed with public parents. And because CryptoKitties is on the blockchain, the newly minted CryptoKitties may express the implicit “cattributes” of earlier generations. This provides game features and potential hidden value for each CryptoKittie.

Encrypted cat

Algorithm art has many forms, and NFT is bringing more attention and awareness to different forms.Many of you may be familiar with using colored pencils using a set called Spiral graph.

Spiral instrument

Computer-generated rendering involves taking a set of images that make up a list of palettes. The computer program takes the image and selects the closest image from the inventory to replace the pixels.The result is modern Impressionism.

Draw with a set of gift cards

Another technique is to use a line drawn on the shaped canvas to present it, usually a circle, which works best because it provides the computer with the most fine-grained set of options from which you can choose a chord (drawn by a circle). Any line) position. The tack is placed in a circular equidistant ring surrounding the canvas, from where the lines are tied together strategically. The computer program determines where the chord needs to be positioned by outputting a precise pair of tack pins, and then the artist manually pulls the line through.

The artist can use program parameters, such as determining the number of studs used or the thickness of the line, or a combination of options. The program can then display the expected results before the artist starts labor-intensive threading of the portrait.

Ani Abakumova after Leonardo Da Vinci Mona Lisa. Photo courtesy of Ani Abakumova.

These are just a few examples of different computer art techniques, but many new technologies are emerging.

Islamic art can be traced back at least to the Middle Ages, and its intricate geometric designs are fascinating. When brilliant colors are mixed together, they are absolutely stunning.

However, if you follow these patterns carefully, people may notice that they are more complicated than they can be seen with the naked eye.

Peter Lu He is a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Physics at Harvard University. During a lecture tour in Uzbekistan, he stumbled upon this gem of discovery.

Tomb of Hafez, Iran

Using techniques such as folds, guides, and templates, these craftsmen have the cornerstone to create complex patterns from an interesting mixture of mathematics and art. These Islamic arts are the pioneers of today’s computer-generated algorithmic art, which is the source of inspiration for many NFTs to proliferate in the market.

In addition, at first glance, these patterns may seem random, but analysis shows that they are not random, but are fitted in a carefully planned and predictable way, although not in a simple way.

Islam is a great contributor to mathematics, but it remains to be seen whether artisans formally developed mathematics and algorithms before works of art, or whether art developed in a roundabout way.

The appreciation of Islamic art will really take off with NFT, because it can almost be considered the grandfather of algorithmic art, not only because of its mathematical foundation, but also because it is very beautiful.

When the media focused on the sensational news that broke NFT art prices, two important concepts were seriously missed. We have completely forgotten the appreciation of the purpose of art itself, and when we are trying to get a quick killer profit, we should appreciate and enjoy it.

Another aspect of the NFT art world is that it is a platform that inspires incredible innovation and creativity. There is algorithmic art, constant reproduction, and new genres of works of art, whether it is computer-generated or not.

artisan Is an exciting new platform that is developing a dedicated blockchain dedicated to releasing creative imagination, cultivating an appreciative artistic and cultural community, and leveraging technologies around the areas of security, availability, and efficient throughput The problem becomes the center of artistic inspiration. Islamic art, which has been underestimated in the Western world, is expected to be exploited and flourish on the new platform.

Whether Art NFT is a good investment is difficult to predict. But at least we can take a break and appreciate the new art forms that are being stimulated by the NFT model. The exciting thing is that this is just the beginning.

The human mind is so creative that it is impossible to predict what amazing effort all this will produce, but we can at least be grateful for the stimulation of NFT.

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