One Hundred Years of the Communist Party of China, picture

In 1921, Communist Party of China (CPC) held the first national Congress In coastal cities such as Shanghai and Jiaxing. Its founders, including Mao Zedong, were deeply influenced by Russia’s October Revolution of 1917.

The party appeared in a period of national chaos in the newly formed government of the Republic of China. Sun Yat-sen of the Republic of China helped end the 2000 imperial rule in the 1911 Revolution of 1911.

The Communist Party of China and the ruling Kuomintang of the Republic of China joined forces twice to repel the common enemy-one at home and the other abroad. They even suspended the Chinese civil war for this reason.But after the surrender of Japan at the end of World War II, Mao Zedong’s Communist Party declared victory, established the People’s Republic of China on October 1, 1949, and promoted the defeated government of the Republic of China. Taiwan, It still exists today.

Mao assumed the chairmanship of the Communist Party of China on March 20, 1943, and he has remained the leader for more than 30 years. In China, he is remembered as the founding father of the country and the originator of Maoism; in the West, historians tell of tens of millions of Chinese people who lost their lives in his revolutionary movement.

His Great Leap Forward-China’s second five-year plan-emphasized the country’s food and steel production, but poorly implemented policies led to the deadliest famine in human history. It is estimated that between 1958 and 1962, 15 to 55 million people died of hunger.

Then came Mao’s infamous Cultural Revolution, which began in 1966 and ended with his death ten years later. The Chinese revolutionary youth, known as the Red Guards, purged millions of politicians, teachers, friends and even their own parents when Mao Zedong called for the cleansing of the “four olds”-culture, habits, ideas and customs.

In 1972, when President Richard Nixon visited Beijing, China’s international prestige was elevated and a period of reconciliation that led to the establishment of diplomatic relations between the People’s Republic of China and the United States in 1979 was opened.

In 1978, Deng Xiaoping, who overthrew Mao Zedong’s chosen successor, took control of the Communist Party of China. His reforms transformed China from a closed economy into a partially open market.

On June 4, 1989, Deng Xiaoping’s last act as the top leader was to approve the suppression of student-led democratic demonstrations in Tiananmen Square and other places in Beijing. It is estimated that the number of deaths caused by violent suppression ranges from dozens to thousands.

Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao led the party from 1989 to 2012 and are known as the last rulers of the Deng era. Follow their leader, Xi Jinping, The declared goals include economic, technological, and military superiority on the world stage-all of which are at the helm of him.

Since coming to power, Xi Jinping has doubled China’s military spending from 100 billion U.S. dollars to more than 209 billion U.S. dollars by 2021. During this period, the Chinese legislature lifted the term limit for the president, paving the way for him to serve as ruler for life.

In 2021, as China celebrates the 100th anniversary of the founding of the party on July 1, let’s look back Revolutions and milestones of the century.

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