Brazil issues a fire ban, redeploys its troops to fight the Amazon fire | Climate News


In the past few years, similar orders have had little effect on preventing deforestation and illegal logging in the Amazon rainforest.

As Brazil is free from the worst drought in decades, President Jair Bolsonaro issued a 120-day extensive ban before the annual burning season of the Amazon rainforest, prohibiting unauthorized access Outdoor fire.

The decree was published in the official government gazette on Tuesday, the day after Bolsonaro. Redeploy the army Efforts to stop the deforestation of the world’s largest tropical rain forest.

According to data from the US National Institute of Space Research (INPE), under the leadership of this far-right leader, the rate of deforestation has soared, reaching a 12-year high in 2020 because the area is seven times the size of London. The agency said that last year the area also recorded the most fires since 2017.

Bolsonaro because of his “Exploitative“Attitudes towards natural resources, and facing strong protests from the international community, that Brazil is Not enough Prevent the destruction of the Amazon River, an important fortress of climate change.

On August 11, 2020, loggers and farmers near Apui, Amazonas, Brazil, are clearing the Amazon jungle. A full view of the burning Amazon jungle [File: Ueslei Marcelino/Reuters]

Preliminary data from INPE shows that deforestation in the first five months of 2021 has increased by a further 25% compared to a year ago.

Brazil’s military deployment will be limited to 26 cities in the four states of Amazon, Mato Grosso, Para and Rondônia. The previous deployment was for the entire Amazon region.

Bolsonaro authorized the current deployment until the end of August.

Previously, these two policies failed to effectively reduce deforestation or forest fires. Usually, criminals first cut down valuable timber and then set fire to the area, clearing it for future agricultural purposes and for speculative land grabbing.

Ricardo Sales, Minister of the Environment of Brazil Resign on June 24 In a criminal investigation into whether he prevented the police from investigating illegal logging in the Amazon.

During the April Climate Leaders Summit, Salles served as the chief negotiator in negotiations with the administration of US President Joe Biden to reach an agreement to protect the rainforest, despite the deadlock in these negotiations.

Bolsonaro wanted Billions of dollars in advance, But Brazil’s indigenous groups and climate activists warned that no funding should be provided to the Brazilian President.

Weather risk

As deforestation continues, scientists warn Fire risk Due to the extreme drought, this year’s rainfall was even greater, and the weather in many parts of the Amazon was drier than last year.

According to data from the Ministry of Mines and Energy, between September and May, hydroelectric power plants across the country reported the lowest water inflows in 91 years.

The non-profit Amazon Environmental Institute (IPAM) warned in a statement that global weather patterns increase the risk of fires.

“To make matters worse, this year is That girl, Which especially makes it dry in the southern Amazon,” IPAM said, adding that this “expands the window for deforestation and burning.”

Matt Finer, head of the Amazon Conservation Nonprofit Fire Tracking Project, said that the fire season usually peaks in August and September and is now accelerating, with 23 major fires recorded so far this year.

Feiner told Reuters that all the fires occurred in the state of Mato Grosso on the southeastern edge of the Amazon.

On September 20, 2019, a participant held up a sign while participating in a global climate strike rally in Bogotá, Colombia. The slogan says “Bolsonaro is enough to destroy Amazon” [File: Luisa Gonzalez/Reuters]

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