China politics and policy updates
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Xi Jinping visited Tibet for the first time since becoming China’s president in 2013, and human rights organizations criticized him for his tough national assimilation policy in the region.
Chinese state media said on Friday that Xi Jinping had arrived in the town of Nyingchi near the disputed border with India. Arunachal Pradesh On Wednesday, then take the train to Lhasa, the capital of Tibet.
The ruling Communist Party of China is being re-examined for what human rights groups say is their efforts to force ethnic minorities to loyalty to Beijing and accept Chinese culture and language across the country.
The party said its policy in border areas, such as Xinjiang Tibet advocates “national unity” and it is necessary to oppose “separatism, extremism and terrorism”. But human rights activists argued that they trampled on religious and cultural freedom.
According to a report by the London-based advocacy organization Free Tibet, Chinese authorities this month closed Lhasa’s Sengdruk Taktse Middle School, a private Tibetan language school, and it is recommended that students attend government agencies.
Free Tibet activist John Jones said the closure showed that “every aspect of Tibetan identity-Tibetans’ right to control their language, land and religion-are under attack.”
According to the International Tibet Movement, it is not uncommon for the official media to avoid propagating Xi Jinping in advance, but the level of secrecy surrounding his trip to Tibet shows that “the Chinese authorities have no confidence in its legitimacy among the Tibetan people”, an advocacy based in Washington. group.
In May 1951, shortly after the 70th anniversary of the signing of the disputed agreement between the Communist Party of China and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Xi Jinping arrived in the area. Dalai Lama, The spiritual leader and political leader of Tibet. The party regards this day as the “peaceful liberation” of the region.
The Dalai Lama fled China in 1959 after the failure of an uprising against party rule. Beijing views the 86-year-old spiritual leader as a dangerous separatist and largely refuses to negotiate with the Tibetan government-in-exile headquartered in India.
Tenzin Leksha, director of the Policy Research Institute of the Tibetan Government in Exile, said on Twitter, “Now is the time.” [Xi] Understand the true wishes of the Tibetan people and resume dialogue to resolve the Sino-Tibetan conflict.”
Last summer, a clash between India and China near the Ladakh border resulted in the deaths of 21 Indian soldiers and at least 4 Chinese fighters, leading to a deadlock between the two sides.
Both countries have tens of thousands of troops and heavy military equipment stationed in the mountains, which used to be a no-man’s land with occasional patrols.
These countries have held 11 rounds of talks, but failed to reach agreement on military disengagement.